WASHINGTON, DC: In a letter to U.S. House and Senate leaders, the Zero Emission Transportation Association (ZETA) says it is time to increase federal investment in domestic electric vehicle (EV) adoption.
The 60-member corporate group says investing in light-, medium-, and heavy-duty EV consumer incentives, charging infrastructure, domestic manufacturing, critical materials supply chain resilience, and transit and fleet electrification will help US manufacturing sector better complete with China.
Despite representing just 10 percent of all traffic, heavy-duty vehicles contribute 28 percent of global warming emissions from the nation’s on-road transportation sector and are also responsible for 45 percent of NOx emissions and 57 percent of particulate matter.
According to ZETA over 250,000 Americans already work in the domestic EV sector and with additional government investment the industry can create over two million jobs in Texas, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Arizona and the Carolinas.
“Transportation is the largest carbon-emitting sector in the United States and is responsible for 29 percent of our total emissions,” said executive director Joe Britton. “The rapidly growing domestic EV market grants us a unique opportunity to reduce our emissions and address climate change – and also restore American leadership in automotive manufacturing, create good-paying jobs, and improve public health.”
ZETA supports the bipartisan consensus in favor of developing domestic clean energy supply chains including end-of-life (EOL) recycling. A report from consultant Cleantech Group acknowledges the current low number of battery-powered EV vehicles being recycled. However by 2030 the global EV fleet is forecast at 140 million – resulting in a US battery EOL of 25-30,000 tons annually valued at US$100 million.
The materials and capacity contained in lithium-ion batteries represent a new market for different stakeholders including battery manufacturers, automotive OEMs, fleet operators and stationary energy storage companies.
However Cleantech has identified several challenges to growing a circular market for EV components including:
• Lack of standardization: Lithium-ion batteries are made by manufacturers based on different specifications with different chemistries. Typically, third-party refurbishers and recyclers do not know what type of battery they are receiving.
• Transportation: Transport of end-of-life batteries is costly and highly regulated due to their classification as a US Class 9 hazardous material.
• Recycling and reuse markets: Currently nonexistent due to low volumes of EOL batteries and uncertainty about the future, including which chemistries will be used, cost competitiveness with virgin materials and new batteries, performance,
• Lack of collaboration: Knowledge-sharing and optimizing the location of battery collection and recycling facilities will require cross-border collaboration.
This week the U.S. Department of Energy announced a US$60 million investment in advanced vehicle technologies aimed at decarbonizing America's transportation sector.
AMSTERDAM: The Smart Freight Centre (SFC) and MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics (CTL) have produced guidelines to encourage airlines and their customers a greater use of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
SAF is much more expensive to produce than Jet A-1 kerosene because there’s less demand. Less demand means less supply and therefore higher cost per gallon.
According to the authors, their publication explains how an airfreight shipper can benefit by making a financial commitment to reduce GHG emissions within its supply chain.
Called ‘insetting’ rather than ‘offsetting’, the guidelines describe a system that allows air carriers, logistics service providers, freight shippers, aviation fuel suppliers, business travelers and travel management companies to collaborate in order to pay the cost premium of SAF and thereby increase its usage – and eventually reduce its cost versus a fossil fuel alternative.
The guidelines include principles for a ‘book and claim’ chain of custody system to track aviation fuel environmental attributes; directions on accounting for the GHG emission reduction benefits of SAF; and default life cycle GHG emission factors for several different types of SAF.
Specifically, the accounting procedures clarify the distinctions between conventional aviation fuels and biogenic SAF as they relate to GHG emission reporting.
• Outline the fundamentals of reporting life cycle emissions for SAF.
• Provide detailed instructions on reporting SAF emissions to stakeholders in air transportation value chains.
• Provide detailed instructions on allocating the emission benefits of SAF, as bound by transport activity, between parties in the air transportation value chain.
• Describe how to avoid erroneous double counting of the emission reduction benefits of SAF.
“Decarbonizing air transportation is critical to achieving an efficient and zero-emissions global logistics sector,” commented SFC Senior Technical manager Dan Smith. “Smart Freight Centre is proud to have collaborated with the CTL in developing these guidelines to scale the uptake of SAF and reduce aviation GHG emissions."
GOTHENBURG, MUNICH, STUTTGART: Volvo Group, Daimler Truck and the Traton Group, a subsidiary of Volkswagen, have agreed to install and operate a high-performance public charging network for battery-powered trucks and coaches across Europe from 2022.
The joint-venture partners will invest €500 million to install and operate at least 1,700 high-performance charging points close to highways, at logistic hubs and major commercial destinations by 2026.
The proposed network will be open and accessible to all commercial vehicles in Europe, regardless of brand, and is intended as a catalyst for realizing the European Union’s Green Deal for carbon-neutral freight transportation by 2050.
A report published in May by the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA) called for up to 15,000 high-performance public and destination charging points no later than 2025, and up to 50,000 high-performance charging points no later than 2030.
“We are laying the necessary foundation in making a break-through for our customers to make the transformation to electrification,” noted Volvo Group CEO Martin Lundstedt. “We have powerful electromobility technologies, and now, with Daimler Truck, the Traton Group and thanks to the European Green Deal, also an industry-wide understanding as well as a political environment to make fundamental progress towards sustainable transport and infrastructure solutions.”
ACEA has identified key locations for the future deployment of charging points and says most are concentrated around highly populated areas in central Europe, including Northern Italy, Paris, Greater Manchester, Berlin and Frankfurt.
About 33 to 50 percent of the stops are in rest areas close to motorways, approximately 25 to 33 percent are at company sites or logistic hubs, and just 1.0 to to 5.0 percent in ports and ferry terminals.
“The market uptake of electric trucks is set to surge over the next few years. However, the infrastructure necessary to charge these trucks is still sorely lacking, so it needs to be rolled out as a matter of urgency,” commented ACEA director general Eric-Mark Huitema.
(Traton includes MAN, Scania, Navistar and Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus brands.)